METHODS OF WEAR TESTS FOR HERMETIC RECIPROCATING COMPRESSORS: AN OVERVIEW

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15628/holos.2016.2078

Palavras-chave:

Sistemas Térmicos, Compressores herméticos

Resumo

The refrigerants being used in vapor compression processes have specific thermodynamic properties, which are decisive for the performance of the compressor of the system. The Montreal and the Kyoto protocols initiated a discussion of alternative refrigerants, which lead to new requirements of the compressor. The reliability of reciprocal compressors has become a leading field for compressor research. One of the main tools in the reliability field is accelerated degradation/life testing (ADT or ALT). These tests are designed to provide life estimates or to define lower bounds of product/parts reliability at shortened periods of time. The objective of this paper is to discuss the literature on accelerated life testing of reciprocating hermetic compressors, focusing on the wear of mechanical components. Several test methodologies are discussed as well as the procedures used to wear quantification. It is noted that there are numerous test methodologies. This fact can be attributed to the lack of standardization updated. Most authors have been focused the tests development to assess the scuffing occurrence in components. The evaluation of wear (qualitative and quantitative) is carried through optical microscopy techniques, scanning electron microscopy, surface roughness, physical-chemical analysis of the oil and electric power consumption. Test methodologies are presented based on critical analysis of the existing literature and the current scenario of refrigerants and lubricants development.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Métricas

Carregando Métricas ...

Referências

BAYLE, F., METTAS, A. Temperature acceleration models in reliability predictions: justification and improvements. Reliability and Maintainability Symposium, San Jose, USA, 2010.

BULNES, R., LARA, T., CRUZ, M. Confiabilidad de Sistemas Basado en la Tribología Disipada por la Fricción Mecanoquimica. II Conferencia en Confiabilidad Operacional – CCO. Universidad Simón Bolivar. 2012.

CIANTAR, C., HADFIELD, M., SWALLOW, A., SMITH, A. The influence of lubricant viscosity on the wear of hermetic compressor components in HFC-134a environments. Wear 236 (1999). 1–8.

CIANTAR, C., HADFIELD, M., SWALLOW, A., SMITH; A. The influence of POE and PVE lubricant blends within hermetic refrigerating compressors operating with HFC-134a refrigerant. Wear, Volume 241, Issue 1, June 2000, Pages 53-64.

CIANTAR, C., HADFIELD, M. A study of tribological durability with associated environmental impacts of a domestic refrigerator. Materials and Design 25 (2004) 331–341.

CHO, D.H., LEE, Y.Z. Comparison of scuffing life between unidirectional and reciprocating sliding motion. Wear 271 (2011) 1637– 1641.

CZICHOS, H. Tribology: a systems approach to the science and technology of friction, lubrication and wear. Elsevier Scientific Pub. Co. ISBN 0444416765. 1978. 400 p.

De MELLO, J. D., B. R. BINDER, N. G. DEMAS, and A. A. POLYCARPOU. Effect of the Actual Environment Present in Hermetic Compressors on the Tribological Behaviour of a Si Rich Multifunctional DLC Coating. Wear, 267:5-8, 907-915, 2009.

DIRLEA, R., HANNAY, J., LEBRUN, J. Testing of Refrigeration Compressors without Condensation. International Compressor Engineering Conference Purdue University-USA. Paper 1113. 1996.

ERDMAN, E. Compressor Application Life Testing. International Compressor Engineering Conference Purdue University-USA. Paper 23. 1972.

FELDHAUS, D., COIT, D.W. Overview of Accelerated Life Testing Procedures for Reciprocal Compressors. International Compressor Engineering Conference Purdue University-USA. Paper 1342. 1998.

GARLAND, N.P., HADFIELD, M. Environmental implications of hydrocarbon refrigerants applied to the hermetic compressor. Materials and Design 26 (2005) 578–586.

HANSEN, P.F., FINSEN, L. Lifetime and Reliability of Small Hermetic Compressors Using a Ternary Blend HCFC-22/HFC-152a/HCFC-124. International Compressor Engineering Conference Purdue University USA. Paper 204. 1992.

HAWKEN, P., LOVINS, A. B., LOVINS, L. H. Natural Capitalism. The Next Industrial Revolution. Earthscan Publications. 1999.

HRNJAK, P. Thermodynamic possibilities and technological opportunities for improving the science of refrigeration in search for low global warming potential thermal systems. International Symposium on Next-generation Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology. 2010. Tokyo. Japan.

IIZUKA, T., ISHIYARNA, A., HATA, H., SATO, K. Reliability Study HFC134a Compressor for Refrigerator. International Compressor Engineering Conference. Purdue University USA. Paper 1119. 1996.

KLAMECKI, B.E. Wear – An entropy production model. Wear 58 (1980) 325-330.

LORENZ, A., ROCHHAUSEN, D. Verifying the reliability of Hermetically Sealed Compressors During Design With Special Regard to Wear Resistance. International Compressor Engineering Conference. Purdue University USA. Paper 238. 1976.

MEEKER, W.Q., ESCOBAR, L.A., LU, C.J. Accelerated degradation tests: Modeling and Analysis. Technometrics 40, 89-99. 1998.

MEEKER, W.Q., SARAKAKIS, G., GEROKOSTOPOULOS, A. More Pitfalls of Accelerated Tests. Available in:http://www.stat.iastate.edu/preprint/articles/2012-05.pdf. 2012.

MISHRA, S.P., POLYCARPOU, A.A. Tribological studies of unpolished laser surface textures under starved lubrication conditions for use in air-conditioning and refrigeration compressors. Tribology International 44 (2011) 1890-1901.

MUSTO, J.C., SARIDIS, G.N. Entropy-based reliability analysis for intelligent machines. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part B: Cybernetics. Volume 27 Issue 2, April 1997 Page 239-244.

NA, B.C., CHUN, K.J., HAN, D.C. A tribological study of refrigeration oils under HFC- 134a environment. Tribology International 1997;30(9):707–16. 1997.

NELSON, W.B. Accelerated Testing: Statistical models, Test Plans and Data Analysis. John Wiley and Sons Publication. 610 pages. 1992.

NISHIOKA, K. Our Rapid Advances Have Prepared Us for the Demands of the Future. International Compressor Engineering Conference. Purdue University USA. Paper 1498. 1998.

PERRY, S.S., TYSOE, W.T. Frontiers of fundamental tribological research. Tribology Letters, 2005, 19(3): 151-161.

SAFARI, S., HADFIELD, M. Wear Behavior of the Piston-Gudgeon Pin in a Hermetic Compressor With Replacement of CFC Refrigerant. Wear (219), 1998, pp. 8-15.

SARIIBRAHIMOGLU, K., KIZIL, H., Aksit, M.F., Efeoglu, I., Kerpicci, H. 2010. Effect of R600a on tribological behavior of sintered steel under starved lubrication. Tribology International 43 (2010) 1054-1058.

SEKIYA, S., SHIRAFUJI, Y., KAWAGUCHI, S., KATO, T., IZAWA, T. Alkylbenzenes for Split Air-Conditioners with R-410A Part 1: Reliability Evaluation of Compressors. International Compressor Engineering Conference. Purdue University USA. Paper 1283. 1998.

SLAYTON, C., SPAUSCHUS, H. A Short Term, Accelerated Test Method for Rotary Compressors. International Compressor Engineering Conference. Purdue University-USA. Paper 1207. 1998.

SUESS, J., RASMUSSEN, R.D., JAKOBSEN, A. Impact of Refrigerant Fluid Properties on the Compressor Selection. International Compressor Engineering Conference. Purdue University-USA. Paper 1388. 2000.

SUH, A.Y., PATEL, J.J., POLYCARPOU, A.A., CONRY, T.F. Scuffing of cast iron and Al390-T6 materials used in compressor applications. Wear 260 (2006) 735–744.

SUNAMI, M., SAWADA, K., FUKUNAGA, Y., SASAKI, U., SHIMOMURA, Y. Compressor Durability Tests and System Tests with Abs and HFCs. International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference, Paper 436. 1998.

SUNAMI, M., SAITO, M., TAKIGAWA, K., SUDA, S., SASAKI, S. Lubricity of AB and AB Derivatives in Compressor Durability Tests. International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference, Paper 341. 1996.

TOMIYAMA, T., UMEDA, Y. Life cycle design for the post mass production paradigm. In: Jin, Y. and Lu, S., (eds.) Proceedings of the CIRP 1997 International Design Seminar on Multimedia Technologies for Collaborative Design and Manufacturing, Los Angeles, University of Southern California, pp. 117-125. 1997.

WOO, S., O ?NEAL, D.L. Reliability Design of the Newly Designed Reciprocating Compressor for a Refrigerator. International Compressor Engineering Conference.Purdue University USA. Paper 1818. 2006.

WOO, S-W., PARK, J., PECHT, M. Reliability design and case study of refrigerator parts subjected to repetitive loads under consumer usage conditions. Engineering Failure Analysis 18 (2011) 1818–1830.

YANG, C., Role of surface roughness in tribology: from atomic to macroscopic scale. ISSN 1866-1807. Schriften des Forschungszentrums Jülich. 2008.

YOON, H.K., CUSANO, C. Scuffing Under Starved Lubrication Conditions. Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Center. College of Engineering. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ACRC Technical Report 147. 1999.

Downloads

Publicado

09/09/2016

Como Citar

Almeida, I. M. G., Barbosa, C. R. F., & Fontes, F. de A. O. (2016). METHODS OF WEAR TESTS FOR HERMETIC RECIPROCATING COMPRESSORS: AN OVERVIEW. HOLOS, 4, 86–104. https://doi.org/10.15628/holos.2016.2078

Edição

Seção

ARTIGOS

Artigos mais lidos pelo mesmo(s) autor(es)

1 2 > >>