QUALIDADE DO AR – PARÂMETROS DE CONTROLE E EFEITOS NA SAÚDE HUMANA: UMA BREVE REVISÃO

Antônio Hermeson Castro, Glória Maria Silva, Rinaldo Santos Araújo

Resumo


Estudos relacionados à poluição atmosférica e a qualidade do ar crescem a cada ano. Em geral as pesquisas desenvolvidas envolvem o conhecimento sobre os componentes nocivos a saúde presentes no meio ambiente. De acordo com a legislação brasileira os poluentes de maior importância monitorados são representados pelo monóxido de carbono (CO), os óxidos de nitrogênio (NOx), o dióxido de enxofre (SO2), o ozônio (O3), a fumaça e os materiais particulados: partículas inaláveis (PM10 e PM2,5) e partículas totais em suspensão (PTS). Outras substâncias como os compostos orgânicos BTEX (benzeno, tolueno, etilbenzeno e xilenos) também foram investigados devido à elevada abundancia em atmosferas urbanas. Em particular, este artigo apresenta uma revisão sobre os principais poluentes atmosféricos, fontes de emissão, ocorrência, legislação e efeitos sobre a saúde humana.

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15628/holos.2013.1242



 

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