RESILIENCIA Y TURISMO: EL CASO DE LA CIUDAD DE BAÑOS DE AGUA SANTA - ECUADOR

Giovanni Herrera, Gonzalo Rodríguez

Resumo


En 1999, la ciudad turística de Baños de Agua Santa en Ecuador fue evacuada debido a la inminente erupción del volcán Tungurahua, el 90% de este territorio se encuentra en una zona de alto riesgo sísmico y volcánico, la evacuación destruiría la principal actividad económica que es el turismo, los habitantes en contra de las disposiciones gubernamentales deciden retornar y se ven en la necesidad de adaptarse a las nuevas condiciones que les ha obligado un proceso eruptivo que lleva más de 15 años, durante este tiempo  la ciudad desarrolla procesos adaptativos  que en este trabajo se lo explican desde el paradigma de la resiliencia y el modelo heurístico de panarquía siendo éste el principal objetivo.  El modelo heurístico de panarquía explica a través de sus diferentes ciclos, los procesos de destrucción creativa e innovación que los evidencia el caso presentado; el principal hecho que se destaca es la evolución de la actividad turística en un nuevo ciclo panárquico. 


Palavras-chave


desastres naturales; turismo; impacto económico

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15628/holos.2016.4303



 

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